Microscopy Primer
Light and Color
Microscope Basics
Special Techniques
Digital Imaging
Confocal Microscopy
Live-Cell Imaging
Microscopy Museum
Virtual Microscopy
Web Resources
License Info
Image Use
Custom Photos
Site Info
Contact Us

The Galleries:

Photo Gallery
Silicon Zoo
Chip Shots
DNA Gallery
Amino Acids
Religion Collection
Cocktail Collection
Screen Savers
Win Wallpaper
Mac Wallpaper
Movie Gallery

Gerrit Cramer Culpeper-Style Microscope

Though this ornamental mid-1700s microscope is unsigned, its fabrication has been attributed to Gerrit Cramer, an instrument maker from Gronigen, Netherlands. The model of the attractive Culpeper-style microscope presented below was based on a color photograph of the original in Maria Rooseboom's book entitled Microscopium.

Illustrations of an insect, a bunch of grapes, and a man of letters in two different poses decorate the barrel of the ebony and brass optical instrument. Also, ornate scrollwork and engravings provide the illusion of climbing vines and tendrils along the lower portion of the microscope's brass tripod. As an additional decorative touch, the black ebony base is highlighted with inlaid pewter, an embellishment that is similarly featured on the barrel of the compound microscope.

Functional despite its decorative appearance, an adjustable, brass-framed concave mirror is mounted onto the instrument's base with a gimbal in order to gather ambient light. Below a circular central aperture, a light-focusing device is suspended from the lower surface of the stage. The lower end of the microscope's barrel holds a single objective and an ocular fixed in a brass eyepiece tops the instrument. Coarse focus may be accomplished by turning the top portion of the microscope body, which screws into the lower portion on brass threads. A Lieberkühn reflector supported by a jointed arm, which attaches to the stage, dates the construction of the microscope to after 1738, the year the device was invented by Johannes Nathaniel Lieberkühn.


Questions or comments? Send us an email.
© 1998-2019 by Michael W. Davidson and The Florida State University. All Rights Reserved. No images, graphics, scripts, or applets may be reproduced or used in any manner without permission from the copyright holders. Use of this website means you agree to all of the Legal Terms and Conditions set forth by the owners.
This website is maintained by our
Graphics & Web Programming Team
in collaboration with Optical Microscopy at the
National High Magnetic Field Laboratory.
Last modification: Friday, Nov 13, 2015 at 02:19 PM
Access Count Since March 12, 2003: 16297
For more information on microscope manufacturers,
use the buttons below to navigate to their websites: