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French Compound Monocular Microscope

Accompanied by a leather-lined mahogany storage case, this French microscope is part of the collection of the Institute and Museum of the History of Science in Florence, Italy. Gerard Turner has described the construction and history of this microscope in fine detail.

A folding tripod base is fastened to the rectangular pillar with a screw placed at the bottom of the shank. A concave substage mirror is fitted to a sheath, which slides up and down the pillar and is secured with a thumbscrew. The stage, finished in dark lacquer and fitted with a set of sub-stage apertures, is translated through a rack and pinion gearset that is cut into the backside of the pillar. The bodytube is fitted with a Huygens eyepiece and a tube lens in the lower portion, and is equipped with four objectives, numbered 1 through 4. An arm attached to the top end of the pillar with an acorn nut secures the body tube to the microscope stand.


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