Microscopy Primer
Light and Color
Microscope Basics
Special Techniques
Digital Imaging
Confocal Microscopy
Live-Cell Imaging
Microscopy Museum
Virtual Microscopy
Web Resources
License Info
Image Use
Custom Photos
Site Info
Contact Us

The Galleries:

Photo Gallery
Silicon Zoo
Chip Shots
DNA Gallery
Amino Acids
Religion Collection
Cocktail Collection
Screen Savers
Win Wallpaper
Mac Wallpaper
Movie Gallery

Differential Interference Contrast Image Gallery

Human Cerebrum

Studies concerning the origin of intelligence have been ongoing for thousands of years, some ancient philosophers, such as Aristotle and Homer, believing that the intellect was seated in the heart. Major insight into the physiological workings of the brain, however, did not evolve until 1791 when Luigi Galvani demonstrated that electricity existed inside brain cells, a feat that inspired a tremendous outpouring of public interest, as well as Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein.

Modern science has revealed that the human brain is divided into several sections that work together to complete the complex functions of humans. The three primary regions of the brain are the brain stem, the cerebellum, and the cerebrum. The cerebrum is currently the largest part of the human brain, comprising approximately 85 percent of its total weight and weighing almost three pounds. The cerebrum of early man, however, was not as developed as it is today, encompassing only about a third of its current weight. Thus, as the composition of the brain has changed dramatically over the last 100,000 years, so have the mental processes of humans.

The cerebrum is generally believed to be the area of the brain in which all conscious mental activities transpire. Divided into two hemispheres by a deep groove called the longitudinal cerebral fissure, each side of the cerebrum is active in different tasks. The left hemisphere of the cerebrum is associated with reasoning, language, logic, and numbering. The right side, however, is associated with creativity and is important in activities such as facial recognition, depth perception, and orientation. The reason for this asymmetrical functionality of the cerebrum has been widely debated among scientists and was once solely believed to be a human trait. However, evidence of less pronounced symmetries has since been found in other animals.


Questions or comments? Send us an email.
© 1998-2022 by Michael W. Davidson and The Florida State University. All Rights Reserved. No images, graphics, scripts, or applets may be reproduced or used in any manner without permission from the copyright holders. Use of this website means you agree to all of the Legal Terms and Conditions set forth by the owners.
This website is maintained by our
Graphics & Web Programming Team
in collaboration with Optical Microscopy at the
National High Magnetic Field Laboratory.
Last modification: Friday, Nov 13, 2015 at 02:19 PM
Access Count Since April 22, 2003: 23764
For more information on microscope manufacturers,
use the buttons below to navigate to their websites: