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Gabbro

Gabbro is a name originally bestowed by the Italians to a type of serpentine, but the term is now generally utilized to describe a coarsely grained igneous rock chemically equivalent to basalt. Widely distributed on Earth and the moon, gabbro is sometimes mined in quarries for use in the building industry, but is much more valuable as a source of copper, nickel, cobalt, platinum, and iron ores.

View a second image of Gabbro

Darkly or greenish colored, gabbro is an intrusive rock formed when molten magma becomes trapped in cracks or other layers of rock and gradually cools into a rigid, crystalline mass. The mineral material occurs in large bodies and is common in various locations, such as South Africa, Sudbury, Ontario, Scotlandís Isle of Skye, and the Adirondack Mountains in New York. A relatively dense rock, gabbro is primarily composed of pyroxene and plagioclase feldspar, but olivine, amphibole, and quartz may also be present. Numerous important minerals are also associated with gabbro, and many deposits, such as those found in Lake Superior, have been mined for many years, contributing greatly to local economies in such areas.


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