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Intel Integrated Circuits

Perhaps the most recognized name in the semiconductor business, Intel was the first company to make the term "microprocessor" a household word. Intel has continually led the way from the first 8-bit microprocessor developed in 1972 to today's 64-bit speedsters pushing toward 4 gigahertz. Intel's partnership with Microsoft was largely responsible for the personal computer revolution. Intel has advanced research projects in all aspects of semiconductor manufacturing, including nanotechnology MEMS (Micro Electro-Mechanical Systems).

Pentium Processors
Complete Die Photomicrographs
i4004

Small Die (18k) | Medium Die (35k) | Large Die (58k)

8080

Small Die (22k) | Medium Die (44k) | Large Die (86k)

8085

Small Die (23k) | Medium Die (56k) | Large Die (97k)

8088

Small Die (24k) | Medium Die (52k) | Large Die (94k)

286

Small Die (22k) | Medium Die (43k) | Large Die (79k)

386DX

Small Die (21k) | Medium Die (43k) | Large Die (75k)

i387

Small Die (20k) | Medium Die (45k) | Large Die (84k)

486

Small Die (19k) | Medium Die (39k) | Large Die (73k)

486DX2

Small Die (11k) | Medium Die (21k) | Large Die (42k)

i960 Cobra

Small Die (16k) | Medium Die (32k) | Large Die (56k)

High Magnification Images

i4004 (42K) - Partial die shot of individual transistors about 10 microns tall on the Intel i4004 microprocessor using oblique illumination with blue and yellow gels.

i8087 (82K) - Partial die shot of the Intel i8087 microprocessor showing the many bus connections on the chip using oblique illumination with blue and yellow gels.

8088 (66K) - Partial die shot of the Intel 8088 microprocessor showing bus connections running from the bonding points to the main body of the chip using oblique illumination with yellow and blue gels.

80186 (70K) - Partial die shot of the Intel 80186 microprocessor showing the bonding wires and the chip identifier using oblique illumination with red, blue, and yellow gels.

386 (70K) - Partial die shot of the Intel 386 microprocessor showing colorful bonding wires and bus connections using oblique light with blue, red, and yellow gels.

386 (78K) - Partial die shot of the Intel 386 microprocessor using a variety of colors to show the bonding wires and bus connections using oblique illumination with red, yellow, and blue gels.

i386 RISC (69K) - Partial die shot of the Intel i386 RISC wafer showing a scribe line intersection and bonding points on the chips using oblique illumination with red, blue, and yellow gels.

i386 RISC (56K) - Partial die shot of the Intel i386 RISC wafer showing bonding points and bus connections using dark field illumination with blue and red gels.

i386 RISC (77K) - Partial die shot of the Intel i386 RISC wafer showing bonding points and bus connections of four chips using dark field illumination with red and green gels.

i387 (67K) - Partial die shot of the Intel i387 microprocessor showing bonding wires and bus connections using oblique illumination with red and blue gels.

i387 (80K) - Partial die shot of the Intel i387 microprocessor showing the bus connection moving along the main body of the chip using oblique illumination with red and green gels.

486 33MHz (64K) - Partial die shot of the Intel 486 33MHz microprocessor showing the corner of the chip and the bonding wires using oblique illumination with red and blue gels.

486DX (72K) - Partial die shot of the Intel 486DX microprocessor displaying the chip designers's initials (top right corner) using oblique illumination with green and yellow gels.

486DX (44K) - Partial die shot of the Intel 486DX microprocessor showing an upclose shot of the chip identifier and Intel logo using dark field illumination with red and green gels.

486DX (74K) - Partial die shot of the Intel 486DX microprocessor showing the bus connections using oblique illumination with blue and yellow gels.

486DX (53K) - Partial die shot of the Intel 486DX microprocessor showing the chip identifier, Intel logo, and "Copyright 1989" using dark field illumination with blue, red, and yellow gels.

486SX (58K) - Partial die shot of the Intel 486SX microprocessor showing bus connections and the chip identifier using oblique illumination with yellow and green gels.

486SX (69K) - Partial die shot of the Intel 486SX microprocessor showing the bonding wires, bus connections, and chip identifier using oblique illumination with red, blue, and yellow gels.

486SX (72K) - Partial die shot of the Intel 486SX microprocessor showing the chip identifier and bus connections using oblique illumination with red and green gels.

486SX (46K) - Partial die shot of the Intel 486SX microprocessor showing the chip identifier and Intel logo using oblique illumination with red, yellow, and green gels.

486DX2 (67K) - Partial die shot of the Intel 486DX2 microprocessor showing bonding wires and bus connections using oblique illumination with red, blue, and yellow gels.

486DX2 (59K) - Partial die shot of the Intel 486DX2 microprocessor showing the corner of the chip with bonding wires using oblique illumination with red and blue gels.

486DX2 (70K) - Partial die shot of the Intel 486DX2 microprocessor showing the edge of the chip and bonding wires using oblique illumination with red, blue, and yellow gels.

486DX2 (55K) - Partial die shot of the Intel 486DX2 microprocessor giving an closer view of the bonding wires and bus connections using oblique illumination with red and green gels.

486DX2 66MHz (53K) - Partial die shot of the Intel 486DX2 66MHz microprocessor giving an almost neon look to the bonding wires using dark field illumination with red, yellow, and blue gels.

486DX2 66MHz (45K) - Partial die shot of the Intel 486DX2 66MHz microprocessor showing an edge of the chip with bonding wires using dark field illumination with red, yellow, and green gels.

486DX2 66MHz (53K) - Partial die shot of the Intel 486DX2 66MHz microprocessor showing a corner of the chip with bonding wires using dark field illumination with red, green, and yellow gels.

486DX2 66MHz (44K) - Partial die shot of the Intel 486DX2 66MHz microprocessor showing the corner of the chip with bonding wires and bus connections using dark field illumination with red and yellow gels.

486DX2 66MHz (49K) - Partial die shot of the Intel 486DX2 66MHz microprocessor showing the corner of the chip and bonding wires using dark field illumination with red, yellow, and green gels.

i960 Cobra (72K) - Partial die shot of the Intel i960 Cobra microprocessor showing the bus connections running along the chip using oblique illumination with blue, red, and yellow gels.

i960 Cobra (72K) - Partial die shot of the Intel i960 Cobra microprocessor showing bus connections on the chip as well as the chip identifier using oblique illumination with red and blue gels.

i960 Cobra (65K) - Partial die shot of the Intel i960 Cobra microprocessor showing the hundreds of bus connections on the chip using oblique illumination with red, blue, and yellow gels.

i960 Cobra KX Embedded Microprocessor (118K) - Oblique illumination utilizing blue and red gels attached to a bifurcated optical fiber lighting system with a tungsten-halide source was employed to highlight busses and registers in the digital image presented in this section. Surface features were captured in reflected light microscopy assisted with differential interference contrast (DIC) optical components.

JX (68K) - Partial die shot of the Intel JX microprocessor showing thousands of bus connections using oblique illumination with blue, red, and yellow gels.


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