Fluorescence Digital Image Gallery

Male Rat Kangaroo Kidney Epithelial Cells (PtK2)

Vimentin is an intermediate filament protein (58 kiloDaltons) that is generally found in a variety of cells of mesenchymal origin and is developmentally regulated. Unlike most other proteins that comprise intermediate filaments, vimentin is expressed during the initial stages of cellular development, but is typically substituted with other tissue-specific intermediate filament proteins later in the developmental process. Vimentin has proven useful in the differential detection of undifferentiated neoplasms and is thought be involved in the communication and transport between the surface of a cell and its nucleus. An entire family of intermediate filaments, usually termed vimentin-like or, more simply, vimentin filaments, are named after the polypeptide. Vimentin-like intermediate filaments may also be composed of other proteins, however, such as desmin, peripherin, and glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP), which are closely homologous to vimentin.

In order to label the intermediate filaments in the log phase adherent PtK2 culture presented above, the fixed and permeabilized cells were blocked and treated with mouse anti-vimentin (porcine eye lens) primary antibodies followed by goat anti-mouse secondary antibodies (IgG) conjugated to Texas Red-X. Filamentous actin was visualized with phalloidin conjugated to Alexa Fluor 488, while the nuclei were counterstained with Hoechst 33258. Images were recorded in grayscale with a QImaging Retiga Fast-EXi camera system coupled to an Olympus BX-51 microscope equipped with bandpass emission fluorescence filter optical blocks provided by Omega Optical. During the processing stage, individual image channels were pseudocolored with RGB values corresponding to each of the fluorophore emission spectral profiles.

View a larger image of the male rat kangaroo kidney epithelial (PtK2) cell.

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