Fluorescence Digital Image Gallery

Tahr Ovary Epithelial Cells (HJ1.Ov)

Cytoskeletal actin filaments are typically nucleated at the plasma membrane, rather than the centrosome, which, instead, acts as an organizational center for microtubules. Thus, it is the cell periphery that generally contains the highest concentration of actin filaments. When located directly underneath the plasma membrane, actin filaments comprise part of the cell cortex, which regulates the form and motion of the surface of the cell, playing a key role in whether or not a cell develops projections such as filopodia or microvilli. A number of external factors generally control actin filament nucleation and enable the cytoskeletal filaments to change their characteristics rapidly upon signaling. A group of special proteins, two of which are actin-related proteins (ARPs) that are very similar to actin, are chiefly responsible for nucleation catalysis. This ARP complex is most prominent in locations where actin filament growth needs to be a brisk process, and is associated with various signaling molecules and components of the plasma membrane.

By applying the popular triple-fluorophore combination of MitoTracker Red CMXRos, Alexa Fluor 488 conjugated to phalloidin, and Hoechst 33258 to the culture of normal tahr ovary cells illustrated above, the filamentous actin (green) and mitochondrial (red) networks are revealed, as is the location of the nucleus (blue). Images were recorded in grayscale with a QImaging Retiga Fast-EXi camera system coupled to an Olympus BX-51 microscope equipped with bandpass emission fluorescence filter optical blocks provided by Omega Optical. During the processing stage, individual image channels were pseudocolored with RGB values corresponding to each of the fluorophore emission spectral profiles.

View a larger image of the tahr ovary epithelial (HJ1.Ov) cells.

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