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Optical Aberrations

Selected Literature References

Aberrations are divided into two main categories: errors that occur when polychromatic light (white light) is passed through a lens, and errors that are present when only a single wavelength (monochromatic) of light is utilized. The selected references listed below contain information about the cause and correction of the most common optical aberrations encountered with microscope and other lens systems. Bear in mind that the optical designer must correct for both polychromatic and monochromatic aberrations simultaneously in the production of well-corrected microscope objectives.

Aberrations., Smith, W. in Optical Engineering: The Design of Optical Systems, McGraw-Hill, New York, pages 61-90 (2000).

Imaging with aberration., Gu, M. in Advanced Optical Imaging Theory, Springer, New York, pages 177-198 (2000).

Lens aberrations and corrections., Rost, F. and Oldfield, R. in Photography with a Microscope, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom, pages 66-70 (2000).

Geometrical theory of aberrations., Born, M. and Wolf, E. in Principles of Optics, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom, pages 228-260 (1999).

Aberrations., Hecht, E. in Optics, Addison-Wesley, New York, pages 257-284 (1998).

Aberration theory., Scott, C. in Introduction to Optics and Optical Imaging, IEEE Press, Piscataway, New Jersey, pages 195-204 (1998).

Lens aberrations., Bradbury, S. and Bracegirdle, B., in Introduction to Light Microscopy, RMS Microscopy Handbooks, Vol. 42, BIOS Scientific Publishers, Ltd., Oxford, United Kingdom, pages 10-19 (1998).

Primary lens aberrations., Walker, B. in Optical Engineering Fundamentals, SPIE Optical Engineering Press, Bellingham, Washington, pages 129-148 (1998).

Lens Aberrations., prepared by the Naval Education and Training Program Development Center, Basic Optics and Optical Instruments, Dover Publications, Inc., New York, pages (chapter 4) 23-28 (1997).

Performance characteristics of microscope optics., Inoué, S. and Spring, K. in Video Microscopy: The Fundamentals, Plenum Press, New York, pages 49-59 (1997).

Aberrations and their effects on frequency response., Goodman, J. in Introduction to Fourier Optics, McGraw Hill, New York, pages 145-154 (1996).

Aberrations., Meyer-Arendt, J. in Introduction to Classical and Modern Optics, Prentice Hall, New York, pages 85-105 (1995).

Objective lenses for confocal microscopy., Keller, E. in Handbook of Biological Confocal Microscopy, Pawley, J. (ed), Plenum Press, New York, pages 111-126 (1995).

Aberrations: Defects in imaging systems., Ray, S. in Applied Photographic Optics, Focal Press, Boston, pages 77-92 (1994).

Chromatic and monochromatic aberrations and correction., Abramowitz, M. in Optics: A Primer, Olympus America, Inc., Melville, New York, pages 2-10 (1994).

Balancing Aberrations., Smith, W. in Modern Lens Design: A Resource Manual, McGraw-Hill, New York, pages 35-39 (1992).

Lens errors., Slayter, E. and Slayter, H. in Light and Electron Microscopy, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom, pages 79-87 (1992).

Aberrations., Smith, W. in Modern Optical Engineering: The Design of Optical Systems., McGraw-Hill, New York, pages 57-86 (1990).

Aberrations., Pluta, M. in Advanced Light Microscopy, Part I: Principles and Basic Properties, Elsevier, New York, pages 155-179 (1988).

Chromatic aberration as an optical path difference., Conrady, A. in Applied Optics and Optical Design, Part II., Dover Press, New York, pages 641-661 (1988).

Primary aberrations of oblique pencils., Conrady, A. in Applied Optics and Optical Design, Part II., Dover Press, New York, pages 707-759 (1988).

Aberrations of Optical Systems, Welford, W. a volume in The Adam Hilger Series on Optics and Optoelectronics, Adam Hilger, New York, 284 pages (1986).

Aberrations., O'Shea, D. in Elements of Modern Optical Design, John Wiley & Sons, New York, pages 165-215 (1985).

Chromatic aberration., Conrady, A. in Applied Optics and Optical Design, Part I., Dover Press, New York, pages 144-204 (1985).

Design of achromatic object-glasses., Conrady, A. in Applied Optics and Optical Design, Part I., Dover Press, New York, pages 205-245 (1985).

Extra-axial image points., Conrady, A. in Applied Optics and Optical Design, Part I., Dover Press, New York, pages 246-366 (1985).

Spherical aberration., Conrady, A. in Applied Optics and Optical Design, Part I., Dover Press, New York, pages 72-125 (1985).

The oblique aberrations., Kingslake, R. in Lens Design Fundamentals, Academic Press, New York, pages 185-208 (1978).

Lens aberrations., Jenkins, F. and White, H. in Fundamentals of Optics, McGraw-Hill, New York, pages 149-187 (1976).

Optical defects of images and their correction., Zieler, W. in The Optical Performance of the Light Microscope, Part I, Microscope Publications, Ltd., Chicago, pages 67-79 (1972).

Further properties of optical systems., Martin, L. in The Theory of the Microscope, American Elsevier, New York, pages 95-159 (1966).

Photographic lenses., Johnson, B. in Optics and Optical Instruments., Dover Publications, Inc., New York, pages 110-130 (1960).

Chromatic and spherical aberration., Needham, G. in The Practical Use of the Microscope, Including Photomicrography, Charles C. Thomas, Springfield, Illinois, pages 217-219 (1958).

Aberration of lenses., Shillaber, C. in Photomicrography in Theory and Practice, John Wiley & Sons, New York, pages 203-218 (1944).

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